The park has many facets – from the lakes to the acacia and Brachystegia Woodlands, reed beds, swamps and open grassland savannas, therefore offering biodiversity and different habitats for the wildlife that exists here. The highlands of the Mutumba Hills look over the lakes. It is a hauntingly beautiful and pristine region where few tourists are encountered.
Whilst there is of course wildlife here, it must be pointed out not in great numbers. In the past there were black rhino and elephant in good numbers as well as ungulates and other wildlife. Akagera has the only protected savannah in the country and this is home to elephants, topi, sitatunga (Tragelaphus spekei) – a water kudu with splayed hooves suited to living in reed beds and papyrus belts, Bohor reedbuck, oribi and duiker, roan antelope, buffalo, bushbuck and impala.
Even the statuesque eland – the largest antelope in Africa can be found in Akagera. Olive baboons and vervet monkeys roam the plains and woodlands and at night bush babies (galagos) can be seen leaping amongst the trees in search of juicy insects.
With regard to predators – only hyena and leopard are in this park, unfortunately the lion populations have disappeared, but there are smaller predators around like mongoose, the beautiful serval cat and side striped jackal.