Bordered by Egypt, the Red Sea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, South Sudan, Chad and Libya, the Nile River runs through the country dividing it in half again. The Blue and While Nile meet in Khartoum the capital.
Early civilisations included the Kingdom of Kush, Meroe and Nobatia. Christianized in the 06th Century, thereafter Islamised in the 15th century, it was influenced by histories in Egypt and the cultures living along the length of the Nile.
The Nubian language is the oldest known Nilo-Saharan language. Along the banks of the Nile valley one can find some very interesting archaeological sites of the Egyptian and Meroitic civilizations, most of them are World Heritage protected by UNESCO
Today’s Sudan is a member of the United Nations and its legal system is based on Islamic law.
Four hour’s drive north of Khartoum lies Meroe lying on the east bank of the Nile. Established as the capital city of the Kingdom of Kush after Napata, this was one of three Meroitic cities, named after the sister of a Persian King Meroe, today a visit to Meroe should definitely feature in a tour.
There are more than two hundred pyramids – most in ruins in scattered clusters amid the dunes and mesmerising desert. At Meroe, stay at a tented camp and go star gazing at night. These tents are tastefully furnished and each stands alone on a sandy ridge which overlooks over forty of the beautiful pyramids of the Royal Cemetery of Meroe.